How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

2021 ж. 21 Ақп.
2 435 147 Рет қаралды

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Amine gas treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
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Lithium Hydroxide:
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  • 1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    SmarterEveryDaySmarterEveryDay5 күн бұрын
    • @Ahmad the newb By everybody in the sub.

      Stan ErvinStan Ervin17 сағат бұрын

      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!17 сағат бұрын
    • Wouldn't 'Let's go get smarter together' or 'today' or something of the likes be a bit more appropriate, due to it being an instance of becoming smarter rather than a culmination of instances at once? I feel like 'let's go get smarter every day' for one specific instance of becoming smarter is a bit misplaced and misnomed in comparison, and leads to a moment of awkwardness in my mind; as if it's advice, rather than a welcoming invitation. Maybe it's a solo perception, but here's to hoping this mention of insight can provide some benefit. Cheers, Destin.

      Whogives AfuckWhogives Afuck21 сағат бұрын
    • What resin and orientation did you use to make the electrolysis thing?

      Johnny's VideosJohnny's Videos23 сағат бұрын
    • @SmarterEveryDay hello I love your vids

      majormastrsssmajormastrsssКүн бұрын
  • Aux MMs... I own everything lol.. Talk to a Nuke, they're the real ones!

    OakstromOakstrom3 минут бұрын
  • "Lunar lander".....hahaha

    John-Patrick McNownJohn-Patrick McNown10 минут бұрын
  • This was straight up mesmerizing.

    W. James HamelW. James Hamel14 минут бұрын
  • 👍

    Jim TylerJim Tyler15 минут бұрын
  • Man... this aint your grandpa's sub...

    Jason PerryJason Perry18 минут бұрын
  • So the waste byproduct of the candle is salty rust?

    Nathan LevesqueNathan Levesque40 минут бұрын
  • They DO NOT send all of the hydrogen overboard. lol. What do you think they are cooking with in the galley and for emergency power? I don't understand why they keep trying to keep that a secret. They talked about it openly on season 2 of mail bag. OBVIOUSLY you arent going to waste a perfectly good source of compressed hydrogen and just dump all of it back in the ocean.

    Justin La PlanteJustin La Plante43 минут бұрын
  • I miss being on submarines

    kainen mattisonkainen mattison45 минут бұрын
  • Your videos are so great, especially when you interact with people at their daily jobs like this. Your genuine interesting in learning and fascination with the technology catch a lot of them off guard, they may think it's boring or no big deal but once they are in the video and see how much other people want to know they get excited too. Thank you Destin, for your channel and your personality.

    JeremyJeremy46 минут бұрын
  • Everybody knows that submarines can surface every once in a while so everyone onboard can take another breath and hold it again.

    Greg HacheyGreg Hachey52 минут бұрын
  • Then in theory you could track it by co2. What measures do they have against that? Or is that not realistic

    JacobJacob52 минут бұрын
  • can i dub it and post in my channel?plz reply

    All In OneAll In OneСағат бұрын
  • 8:12 Don't skip the meaty technical stuff! 😧

    Adam RobottomAdam RobottomСағат бұрын
  • I love how military personnel address people with 'sir' or 'ma'am'. I wish everybody in society was as polite, we could avoid so many problems if people just treat each other with respect.

    ChrisChrisСағат бұрын
  • navy people are so different than the rest of the armed forces.

    Gene AuberGene AuberСағат бұрын
  • This was way more complicated than I wanted it to be. All of these guys are sooo intelligent. Mad respect to them. Thank you for the excellent video.

    Tom GoffnettTom GoffnettСағат бұрын
  • just put a plant and light, thank me later

    Cristos LeeCristos LeeСағат бұрын
  • If you got smarter everyday, you would not believe that a lunar lander ever landed on the moon.

    HighFlyin PatriotHighFlyin PatriotСағат бұрын
  • isn't cams just to detect fires ;) it is kinda to shutdown vents ... to stop fires and in a bad case get some people choking ... casualties like that are the worst I guess

    evil Bunnyevil BunnyСағат бұрын
  • That’s cool i worked at an oil field Amine plant. We use it to remove H2S and CO2 out of the natural gas. I never knew that had one on a submarine. Crazy.

    Mike Master of noneMike Master of noneСағат бұрын
  • I was surprised when the guy said about the solidified ash left behind "they call them clinkers, I don't know why" it's because sometimes when conditions are right in a wood stove some of the ash almost glassifies and the chunks clink in the bucket when you clean out the ash. Really cool, I've heard about oxygen candles but never saw one in action.

    Josh JepsenJosh JepsenСағат бұрын
  • E-5 mafia 🤙🏼

    Jerame GoodmanJerame GoodmanСағат бұрын
  • The candle striker is a Nine inch nail? Metal.

    kentarouificationkentarouificationСағат бұрын
  • answering questions I didn't even think of; excellent channel!

    CallMeBroncoCallMeBroncoСағат бұрын
  • We do not breath oxygen but air , 78% nitrogen , 21% oxygen , 1% other gases. Medical oxygen, 99% oxygen, is however considered as a drug or pharmaceutical product .

    DilligafDilligafСағат бұрын
  • The malicious second cumulatively love because credit visually analyse within a short brochure. flawless, left trick

    Rj OreillyRj OreillyСағат бұрын
  • In the construction world it is a common thing for most people to say driving on frost causes it to freeze deeper into the ground. Would love to know if driving on it is the direct cause or if compaction of soil lowering the r value is the cause for it to go deeper?

    Brady JohnsBrady JohnsСағат бұрын
  • Think of the pre heater for the MEA as a progressive heater that allows the mixture to come up to temp faster.

    Joseph TischerJoseph Tischer2 сағат бұрын
  • So many uses for 9 inch nails haha

    CandynoseTwinskinsCandynoseTwinskins2 сағат бұрын
  • If I had to guess, the pre-heater before the MEA boiler is to heat the MEA faster so less energy can be used in the boiler section, which might also save time. Because the liquid is moving through the heated pipe section, they can make use of convection and not have to wait on the convection flow within the tank.

    Fullgrizzly94Fullgrizzly942 сағат бұрын
  • Class Delta Fire.. Makes its own oxygen.. burns underwater.. Yeah it's .. neigh impossible to really put those out.

    Xen XanderXen Xander2 сағат бұрын
  • yo ! could I get one of those in my apt please ! this is here to show rich people how to oxygenate their bunkers just. before they nuke us. nice.

    Peege ClarkePeege Clarke2 сағат бұрын
  • Thanks for the information I always thought subs had an iron lung

    Joe OrtonJoe Orton2 сағат бұрын
  • Pay close attention. Dow is the smartest guy on the ship.

    Joshua LinkerJoshua Linker2 сағат бұрын
  • (15:00) Nuclear Sub's can't run without 9 inch nails? EXCELLENT ! *diddleedoodiddleedoodiddleedoo!

    Peege ClarkePeege Clarke2 сағат бұрын
  • I love watching and learning all the wicked coolness you teach!!!--- But I still feel the Franks and Beans of me😉🇺🇲👍👍 LOVE YOUR CHANNEL...

    SEMPER FISEMPER FI2 сағат бұрын
  • Giving away our secrets

    theotfultheotful3 сағат бұрын
  • So how do they get rid of hydrogen gas?

    Jorge AlvarezJorge Alvarez3 сағат бұрын
  • Destin is for sure a spy.

    Tim OcmandTim Ocmand3 сағат бұрын
  • Not sure why I'm here. I was just moved to working on nuclear subs in the shipyard, why am I looking at them when I'm home. :o I blame your sultry, excited-to-learn voice, Destin.

    Zachary HeinerZachary Heiner3 сағат бұрын
  • its crazy that those candles were used in WW2 u-boats and im assuming other subs and its still used today, wild.

    Petunia On Da BeatPetunia On Da Beat3 сағат бұрын
  • It's called a clinker because The word was passed on from UK submariners - original clinker bricks are bricks of clay made kinda shiny brittle and/or vitrified during a firing that exposes the brick to very excessive heat. Real/actual building clinkers are/were commonly used in the UK for building homes, to add historic looking appeal. People still use them to build homes that they want that certain aesthetic - it (more) often does from people using reclaimed clinkers now, as they aren't made very often anymore..... Phew, that's probably a bit too much info. But there you go, in short: a clinker is just a brick exposed to very very high heat.

    Spookay It's MeSpookay It's Me3 сағат бұрын
  • So why don't they use a couple plants and shine some light on them? They tried it in a russian closed atmospherics experiment and the problem was the plants grew and quickly produced too much O2, causing a fire hazard, so they had to start burning plants to remove some of the excess O2. But with some good controls and experienced operators it should be perfectly feasible.

    InternetStudiesGuyInternetStudiesGuy3 сағат бұрын
  • Can’t you just take the oxygen from the water

    Saphro SynSaphro Syn3 сағат бұрын
  • Why is this a half-hour long video

    Michael RobisonMichael Robison3 сағат бұрын
  • Dow doesn't seem to like talking much... Getting info from him is almost akin to pulling teeth!

    Spookay It's MeSpookay It's Me3 сағат бұрын
  • i noticed you seemed a bit confused as to why the mea system used a preheater. I am fairly certain it has to do with gas retention. Hotter liquids retain less gasses than cooler ones.

    herbert164herbert1643 сағат бұрын
  • "Why don't subs run out of air" 😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳

    The_Rogue12The_Rogue123 сағат бұрын
  • Go navy

    Seraph StarmanSeraph Starman3 сағат бұрын
  • I have a better idea. Long tube. You’re welcome

    hoahhoah3 сағат бұрын
  • Dow is from Southern Ohio. That part of the world seems to have very little annunciation. I work in that area quite a bit and it takes a good deal of time to pick out the dialect. I hear what he is saying as words but cannot discern where one word starts and ends. Dustin says "say it slower"..."no slower" and you still cannot pick it wicked smaaaart kid though

    John MackJohn Mack4 сағат бұрын
  • Better living thru chemistry

    hilldwler 420hilldwler 4204 сағат бұрын
  • I always like your videos!

    Adam BAdam B4 сағат бұрын
  • And just a few years a go a Submariner went to prison for taking a few unclassified photos.

    Steve LuxSteve Lux4 сағат бұрын
    • Steve, you have a good point. The Sailor should be pardoned.

      Chris AChris A4 сағат бұрын
  • Finally another video from this series. Cool stuff :)

    Dark LakeDark Lake4 сағат бұрын
  • You got to go on a an operation sub. Way cool.

    Arch Angel GabrielArch Angel Gabriel4 сағат бұрын
  • The spicy diploma virtually divide because font histochemically glue per a naive clef. plant, harmonious shoe

    kkcsak ndclonkkcsak ndclon4 сағат бұрын
  • I can't even imagine a submarine crew with only women. I can't imagine how they would live in there for months, they would go crazy I think. Because there is no social aspect to this life, its just wake up do your practical job, repeat. I might be wrong of course

    TonyTony4 сағат бұрын
  • Prediction before I watch the video: starting with H2O2 and breaking it down to H20 and O2. Edit: I didn't think of electrolysis, and I didn't even know oxygen candles existed.

    Syllabaphet JSyllabaphet J4 сағат бұрын
  • Recycling farts ♻️

    Sneaky CobraSneaky Cobra4 сағат бұрын
  • Honors to the Navy Sub Guys! Thanks.

    Steve BaumgartnerSteve Baumgartner5 сағат бұрын
  • The late impulse immuhistochemically change because property currently irritate via a acid eyeliner. bouncy, friendly trunk

    kkcsak ndclonkkcsak ndclon5 сағат бұрын
  • How long can you use the water to produce oxygen? What is done with the water afterwards.

    MrDekuFPSMrDekuFPS5 сағат бұрын
  • clinker is term of making coke :or stony matter fused together, great video

    John KnoxJohn Knox5 сағат бұрын
  • you should do a video of UFOs and the reverse engineering of them?

    Mississippi Mud TeamMississippi Mud Team5 сағат бұрын
  • The rough chocolate impressively possess because armadillo perplexingly obtain until a optimal population. dapper, thoughtful bugle

    kkcsak ndclonkkcsak ndclon5 сағат бұрын
  • Can you please sell 6 of these to Australia, we order 6 but will take something like 30years to get them. From the France, bad deal.

    MarkMark5 сағат бұрын
  • did anyone else catch to pause blooper near the end at 27:27 - 27:29 watch the rocket over his shoulder at top right , can tell he paused, one of a few spots i noticed

    Dave BDave B5 сағат бұрын
  • Thank you for the detailed subtitles! Lip reading can be extremely difficult in changing lighting conditions.

    o0Avalon0oo0Avalon0o5 сағат бұрын
  • I met a woman in college that worked on a submarine. She was a hoot to be around & the class loved her. When we all met, someone asked why she came to a community college. She said "I like the people, I like learning & it's really affordable."

    o0Avalon0oo0Avalon0o5 сағат бұрын
  • Wow they use Nine Inch Nails to light candles when they're low on oxygen. Metal AF.

    nebutchnebutch5 сағат бұрын
  • 22:33 Seriously, nobody is talking about that perfect pour? The bubbles man.

    o0Avalon0oo0Avalon0o5 сағат бұрын
  • That aint the A-gang i remember. Ring the bell they said.

    Slag1shSlag1sh5 сағат бұрын
  • It's almost Rocket sceince😆🤣😅

    GoldeNLemonZGoldeNLemonZ5 сағат бұрын
  • As another great man of science says, "Science rules."

    o0Avalon0oo0Avalon0o5 сағат бұрын
  • That screen reminds me of one of the few times I got to work in a pre 2000 dev environment. I love minimalist programming. The results are instant.

    o0Avalon0oo0Avalon0o5 сағат бұрын
  • Clinker is probably a reference to the slag you get when turning ore into metal.

    Joseph SJoseph S6 сағат бұрын
  • I bet you those are called clinkers because they are similar to the clinkers blacksmiths make when burning coke or coal as fuel in a forge. They look so much like giant cylindrical versions of the clinkers that come from forges.

    DuBCraft21DuBCraft216 сағат бұрын
  • CAMS tech knowledge: CAMS runs by mass spectrometry and infrared absorption, the best way to explain it is like a coin sorter.

    A SchlierfA Schlierf6 сағат бұрын
    • Oh

      Kurt FehlmanKurt FehlmanСағат бұрын
  • 2:49 That's what the c in cams stand for...

    JayJay6 сағат бұрын
  • "Im from ohio" "Oh."

    Heccin ParagonHeccin Paragon6 сағат бұрын
  • Beans last night. Check methane levels.

    Daniel KaysDaniel Kays6 сағат бұрын
  • The witty stew corroboratively nail because parentheses bacteriologically unlock a a few fierce author. milky, plastic whiskey

    Killian TaylorKillian Taylor6 сағат бұрын
  • So we really need to light the candles because we are getting low on oxygen. *continues to interview*

    Tomos HalseyTomos Halsey6 сағат бұрын
  • i'd love to see a video about submarine communications. Radio and wireless in the water. You could make a video about that

    spyrmacspyrmac6 сағат бұрын
  • A little over emphasis on breathing out CO2 at the beginning. Still 16% of exhaled air is O2 vs inhaled of 21%

    woljawolja6 сағат бұрын
  • Were running low on oxygen we gotta burn this candle Dustin: Oh hey can I interview you guys for a sec

    Yummy _Yummy _6 сағат бұрын
  • As someone who has never served, I love that "politeness" is part of their training, they are just so friendly it's awesome ::)

    thoth tahutithoth tahuti6 сағат бұрын
  • I think the "preheating function" is just a heat exchanger with the output of the boiler stripper. Take the energy out of the lean MEA to better condense it and put in the rich MEA that you're about to boil. Save some time, save some energy loss.

    Rob WeaklyRob Weakly6 сағат бұрын
  • liked for princess boopersnoot

    Jeremiah MoellerJeremiah Moeller6 сағат бұрын
  • You have such great energy. Love all you do!

    Dana RDana R6 сағат бұрын
  • Chlorine gas. "Carl that kills people."

    Star cabStar cab7 сағат бұрын
  • As hvac mechanics we use a similar leak finder but much more handheld version

    Babbseagle12Babbseagle127 сағат бұрын
  • Now why don't people apply this type of technology to help climate change? If this works in enclosed area's, use it for factories, filters in vents etc....

    Cherry DragonCherry Dragon7 сағат бұрын
  • I'm 65 and when I was in my 20's we had an oxy welder, a cheap one lol, that had a canister that you had to light a pellet to use for brazing. Now I know how it worked.

    Bill BurkartBill Burkart7 сағат бұрын
  • I got a good chuckle when he said the oxygen generator was "down." I spent 3 years on a boat and not once did we ever operate that piece of equipment. It's nickname was "the bomb" due to the fact that it generates hydrogen gas and can be extremely dangerous. When we went on mission and would stay underwater most of the time, we'd just load up on oxygen candles and burn them as necessary. It was not uncommon for oxygen to drop to around 17%, which makes you constantly tired no matter how much sleep you've gotten. The other thing is that clean, potable water is at a premium on a submarine. Our distiller could provide 10k gallons per day (if the operator knows what they're doing, if they weren't very proficient then significantly less). That's for the entire boat: drinking, washing dishes, laundry, showers, etc. We'd have to constantly remind people to limit their water use so that we didn't run out. It would make little sense to waste water on making oxygen when you can just burn a candle. Oh, and amine? It gets everywhere. Go up to any AC vent in the engineroom and you'll notice a slight drip of an oily substance. That's amine. It will funk your clothes up for weeks after, even with repeated washing.

    Adam BaldwinAdam Baldwin7 сағат бұрын
  • i hear the soil on mars is full of perchlorate might be an easy way to make oxygen for astronauts on mars but...a class D fire on mars is also probably really bad lol

    McBoomSauceMcBoomSauce7 сағат бұрын
  • Bad gas. Could you find the leak? 😂🤣

    Electric ManiacElectric Maniac7 сағат бұрын

    Telek ATelek A7 сағат бұрын